Category: Biography


Presidents of India

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Shaheed Bhagat Singh

Shaheed-Bhagat-SinghBorn on: September 27, 1907
Born at: Khatkar Kalan in Nawanshahar district of Punjab
Died on: March 23, 1931.
Studies at: D.A.V. School in Lahore.

Bhagat singh was born on September 27, 1907 in Khatkar Kalan in Nawanshahar district of punjab. In his memory this district is now renamed as Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar. His father was Sardar Kishan Singh and his mother was Vidyawati. He has two brothers. The family of Bhagat singh was playing a very active role at that time in revolutionary activities and freedom struggle.

In 1916, while his initial studies in D.A.V school in Lahore he came in the contact with some other political leaders. When Bhagat Singh was only of 12 years at the same time Jaliawala Bagh Massacre was took place which create a very disturbing effect on the mind of Bhagat Singh.

Bhagat Singh was deeply affected by this massacre and he developed a strong mind to Drive the Britishers out of his country.

In 1922, Bhagat Singh fully left his studies and actively got engaged in freedom movement. At that time the National College in Lahore which was founded by Lala Lajpat rai was the main center of revolutionaries activities. Bhagat Singh joined this college to continued his studies.

Bhagat Singh later he formed Naujavan Bharat Sabha to give the movement a new direction.

Simon Commission,a committee from England visited to India in 1928. They visited to India for a discussion about how the responsibility could be delievered to indians, but no indian joined that committee and All indiand decided to boycott Simon Commission. For this Lala Lajpatrai was brutly beaten and died in Lahore. Bhagat Sing decided to take revenge of Lalaji death and he shooted the officers responsible for the death.

Bhagat singh again on 8 April 1929 with his mate named Batukeshwar Dutt had thrown bomb in Central Assembly Hall while its session going on. This incident din not hurt anyone but they both were arrested.

Then in Jail Bhagat Singh went on with a hunger srtike to protest against the beviour towards prisoners in jail..

Finally on 8 April 1929 Bhagat Singh along with his two mates named Sukhdev and Rajguru were awarded with death hanged despite of a lots of applications and pressures.

Subhash-Chandra-Bose

Born: January 23, 1897
Died: August 18, 1945
Born at : Cuttack, Orissa.
Studies : Passed Indian Civil Services Exam; elected Congress President in 1938 and 1939.
Most famous line of Netaji : “Tum mujhe khoon do main tumhe azadi dunga”.

 

Subhash Chandra Bose was also known as Netaji. He was born on 23 january 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa. His father was Janki Nath Bose and his mother was Prabhavati devi. His father was a great lawyer. He was the ninth child of his parents. Subhash Chandra Bose was very brilliant since his childhood and he had topped the highschool in all over Calcutta and also passed first division graduation from Scottish Churches College in Calcutta.

In 1919 he went to england and appear in civil services in 1920. Then after while his apprenticeship he left it and return to india in 1921.
Subhash Chandra Bose introduced Khaki also which was a homemade thing in place of british clothes made in their milles. Due to this protest against british clothes bose again got jailed.

He joined Indian National Congress with mahatma ghandhi.
At that time the incident of Jaliawalabagh massacre deeply disturbed netaji so he returned to India and started working under Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. Later netaji declared the formation of independence league. In 1930 he got jailed but again released on 1931. After sometimes again he got jailed during bengal revolution and released after one year on the basis of medically unfitness and banished to Europe.
After the General Elections of 1937, netaji released and got elected as president of Haripura Congress Session in 1938.
He again resigned in 1939.

Then he went to Germany by road after that To Japan in submarine. An armed attack was negitiated by netaji on British ruled India. With the soldiers of prisoners of wars he made the Indian National Army and also declared the organization of Azad Hind Fauz on 21 October 1943. and our national flag was hoisted in Assam. In 16 august 1945 netaji could not able to continue his struggle because the Japan had also surrendered. So he decided to went underground and left for an unknown destination on 17 august 1945 Then at that moment a news was delievered that his plane crashed due to lack of fuel..

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a born leader and he gave the freedom struggle a new direction but unfortunately at last no one knows what is the fact.

This is our freedom fighters courage and bravery due to which  today we are enjoying our freedom in our country.

 

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma-Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi also respectfully called as The Father of The Nation

Born on: October 02, 1869
Born at: Porbandar, New Delhi
Died on: January 30, 1948
Studies at: Samaldas College at Bhavnagar, Gujarat, University College London
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 2 October 1869 — 30 January 1948)
Mohandas karamchand gandhi was the famous leader of independence movement of india.
He was born on 2 october 1869 in porbandar. He was the son of Karamchand Ghandhi and Putlibai.

Gandhiji family
At the age of 13 Mahatma gandhi was got married with Kasturba. They had four sons. When Gandhi was of 18 years he left India and moved to London on september 1888 to become a barister.
At initial some days in London Gandhiji tried to adopt the lifestyles of the peoples in London by spending his time to learn english and french and voilin and dance classes. but later he realized that he was there only for studies so, he decided to leave all these things and to become a serious student and starts living simple lifestyles.
Gandhiji passed their exams sucessfully and retuned to India on june 10, 1891. For the next two years Gandhiji keep practicing in India.
After some years Gandhiji again moved to south Africa in order to gain more knowledge about law and order. This was South Africa which convert a shy and silent man to a potent and resilent leader. On one of his business trip somthing happened which was very strange for him. When one day Gadhiji was boarded the train at Pietermartizburg station, there the official told him not to travel in first class but he has neede to travel in the third class, But as Gandhiji had the ticket of first class so he refuse to travel on third class. On this reaction of Gandhiji one of a policeman came there and threw Gandhiji out of the Train along with his luggage. This type of discrimination made Gandhiji think of that wheather he had to go back to his home of fight against the discrimination scattered by Britist rulers for Indians. Then he decided to fight against the discrimination and for the rights of Indians in South Africa.
In 1906 Gandhiji again grown up with Satyagrah which means the “passive resistence”. But For Gandhiji Styagrah truly means for truth force.
Due to his civil disobedience campaign he got jailed. He again conclude 320 km march towards the sea to collect the salt which was also called as Dandi march. On release from prison in 1931 he the round table conference in London and conferenced over the reformation of Indian contitution.. In 1946 He also discussed with Cabinet mission and which recommended the new indian constitutional structure. Unfortunately on 1947 after independence when he tried to stop the hindu muslim conflict he died shooted by a hindu fanatic named Nathuram Godse. The last word he said during his death was “Hey Ram”. This accident scattered a heavy sorrow and sadness for whole country and their peoples and we all had lost our great leader Mahatma Gandhi. Who was also now called with respect as “The father of the nation”

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